Volume 5, Issue 3

Occupational Hazards and their Relation with Health Problems among Construction Building Workers at El Sherouk City
Original Research
World health organization (WHO) showed that more than half of all occupational injuries and deaths worldwide among construction building workers. The aim of this study was to assess occupational hazards and their relation with health problems among construction building workers at El Shorouk City.Design: correctional research design was utilized for this study. Setting: The present study was conducted at two different private construction agreed to the work of the study on the construction workersfrom total 22 building and Reconstruction Company at El-Shorouk City. Sample: All construction building workers in two companies out of “472” were included as study sample.Tools: Two tools were used for data collection I- Occupational hazards questionnaire designed to collect data about demographic characteristics of workers and occupational hazards related to construction industry. II- Health Problem questionnaire to assess medical health history, injuries and illness that occur in case of exposure to occupational hazards at workplace during last 12 month.Results: they revealed that the majority of construction building workers had occupational injuries as, eye injuries, fractures, cut/lacerated wounds and strain/sprain. Most of them had skin dermatitis and muscles skeletal disorders.Conclusion: There were statistically significant between occupational hazards and health problems among construction building workers.Recommendations: Continues of occupational health program to all workers at construction company to upgrade their knowledge and practice for prevention of occupational injuries related to workplace, it includes the following: Training courses about occupational injuries, health problems and their prevention, safety measure, using personal protective devices and first aid.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(3), 96-103. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-3-4
Pub. Date: June 19, 2017
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Evaluating Nursing Students’ Perception toward Use of E-Portfolio as an Innovative Learning Strategy for Student Assessment
Original Research
Portfolios have been advocated in nursing education to help student link theory and practice. E-portfolio has the advantage of allowing students to record, assess, and reflect upon their learning. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate nursing students’ perception toward use of e-portfolio as an assessment tool through the following: (1) Assessment of nursing students’ computer skills and knowledge about electronic portfolio. (2) Conducting theoretical and practical educational sessions about building e-portfolio. (3) Evaluating the nursing students’ perceptions regarding use of electronic portfolios as an assessment tool.Study design: A descriptive exploratory research design was used to conduct this study. Setting: This study was conducted in classroom and computer laboratory at Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Subjects: A convenience sample of all nursing students (n=200) during the academic year 2015/2016 were recruited to participate in this study. Data collection tools: (1) Students' assessment questionnaire: to assess nursing students' previous experience regarding computer skills and previous knowledge about e-portfolio. (2) Self-administered students' perception questionnaire regarding use of e-portfolio. (3) E-portfolio Gen-software was used to allow students to build e-portfolio. (4) Self-administered students’ opinionnaire regarding the theoretical and practical educational sessions. Results: Regarding overall perception related to e-portfolio, most of the students (92%) reported that, "It is a good program and social media through which they can communicate easily with their teachers and colleagues and can share knowledge, ideas, opinions and clinical experiences with others". Nearly two thirds of the students (66%) reported that, their experience with e-portfolio has been positive and the majority of them (82%) stated that "creating e- portfolio was an interesting activity. Conclusion: The majority of the nursing students perceived the e-portfolio as a new way of assessment because it is creative, fun, interactive and stimulating.Recommendations: It is recommended to use the e-portfolio as an assessment tool for nursing students, in addition to conducting other researches to evaluate the effectiveness of e-portfolio as a learning tool.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(3), 86-95. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-3-3
Pub. Date: June 10, 2017
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Women Satisfaction with Family Planning Services in Maternal and Child Health Centers, Assiut City, Egypt
Original Research
Family planning (FP) is critical for the health of women and their families, and it can accelerate a country’s progress toward reducing poverty and achieving development goals. FP is an important component of primary health care, maternal and child health. It is the means of planning families that want space according to choice and time to fit in with life decisions. Aim: This study aimed to assess satisfaction level of women attending Maternal and Child Health (MCH) centers with FP services.Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. A total sample of 569 women was interviewed at four MCH centers covers Assiut city.Results: The findings revealed that the mean age of the respondents was 29.38± 6.13, 72.2 % of them were from urban areas and 47.3 % currently use a contraceptive method. A high satisfaction level with family planning services was noticed.Conclusion: significantly, the majorities of the clients was satisfied with the provided skills and counseling. It was approved that the most of MCH centers have good quality level in health services and facilities. Recommendation: Family planning providers require training to strengthen their communication skills so that they can meet their client’s individual needs.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(3), 79-85. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-3-2
Pub. Date: June 03, 2017
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Learning Needs Assessment of Pediatric Nurses Regarding Delirium and Its Barriers of Screening at Intensive Care Units
Original Research
Pediatric delirium is a significant issue among critically ill children; Professional and highly qualified nurses are usually the first who identify delirium in ICU patients, with a need for close monitoring, recognition, and prevention. Aim of the study was to assess learning needs of critical care nurses regarding pediatric delirium and its barrier of screening at ICUs. Method: A descriptive design was conducted on a purposive sample of 91 pediatric critical care nurses working at Mansoura University Children's hospital and New Mansoura General hospital who fulfills the criteria of selection using pediatric nurses learning needs structured questionnaire that includes questions about characteristics of studied nurses, nurse's knowledge, attitude and practice about pediatric delirium and barriers of delirium screening among pediatric critical care nurses. Results: the level of nurses' knowledge was poor in 94.5%, fair in 5.5% and there was any one with good knowledge, the negative attitude toward delirium was reported in 54.9% of nurses, while only 3.3% of nurses has positive attitude and the level of practice was unsatisfactory in 81.3% of nurses. The most common barriers for delirium screening as reported by the studied nurses is absent of tool to evaluate delirium (86.8%), difficult to determine delirium in children on ventilator (78.0%) and inefficient of symptoms registering in children taking sedation (70.3%). Conclusions: the majority of studied nurses have poor knowledge about pediatric delirium particularly for its definition, causes and its management. Also, more than half of them has negative attitude regarding delirium and majority of them has unsatisfactory practice. The commonest barriers for delirium screening were absent of tool and difficulties of delirium screening for children on ventilator at ICUs. Recommendation: pediatric critical care nurses learning needs should be assessed constantly and progressively through implementing educational training program to increase competences of Pediatric ICUs staff focused on practical guidelines for hospitalized children with delirium.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(3), 70-78. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-3-1
Pub. Date: May 24, 2017
8930 Views3155 Downloads1 Likes