Volume 5, Issue 2

Relationship between Nurses' Absenteeism and Their Organizational Commitment at Menoufyia University Hospitals
Original Research
Absenteeism and organizational commitment in nursing are attitudes reflecting on productivity, quality of patient care, and the personal life of nursing staff. The aim of the current study was to determine the relationship between nurse's absenteeism and their organizational commitment at Menoufyia University Hospitals. Descriptive research design was used. The study was conducted in all units at Menoufyia University Hospitals. A simple random sample of staff nurses who were participated in the study, their total numbers were 200 staff nurses. Tools of data collection were Self-administered Questionnaire, Organizational Commitment Questionnaire, and Absenteeism Records. The study findings revealed that there was a highly significant difference between nurses' commitment and emergency leaves (P<0.001), annual leaves (P<0.001), and the total of absence days at P<0.001, and a significant with sick leaves (P=0.03). The current results illustrated that there was a significant difference between nurses' job commitment and health-related factors (P=0.01) and the highly significant with rules of absenteeism (P=0.003). The main causes of nurses' absenteeism were workplace factors (85.5%) and lack control of absenteeism (82.5%). In conclusion, the rate of nurses' absenteeism has the negative impact on theirorganizational commitment. The study recommends with planning and implementing strategies for nurses' absenteeism control including; encourage staff nurse's motivation to attend; reducing nurse's illness absence by providing free health promotions; developing employee's policy of an attendance to decrease the rate of absenteeism. In addition to improving the workplace for nurses through providing incentives, child care centers, and good opportunities for training.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(2), 63-69. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-2-4
Pub. Date: May 04, 2017
13337 Views3809 Downloads
Prevalence of Social Dietary and Behavioral Risk Factors of Obesity among Primary School Children in Minia Governorate, Egypt
Original Research
Introduction: Childhood obesity is a serious non-communicable public health problem with negative physical, social, and mental health consequences. Factors contributing to childhood obesity are school nutrition, excessive snacks, fast food, lack of physical activity and family behavior. Increasing rates of overweight and obesity in children & adolescents in Egypt signal a very alarming trend indicating an urgent need for development of strategies to address this new problem. Aim of the Study to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among primary school children in Minia Governorate, Egypt and identify some socio-demographic, dietary and behavioral factors that govern the problem of obesity. Subjects and Methods: This is a cross sectional study carried out at public primary schools during the academic year 2014-2015. Cluster sampling technique was used. Students aged 6-12 years old with a total number of 250 students of both sexes were included in the study. Data were collected from the parents of all children through questionnaire including Socio demographic data, life style habits and dietary habits. Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is relatively high (58.6%) distributed as 34.2% overweight and (24.4%) obese. Obesity is more prevalent among (8 < 10 years) age group, female, rural resident students. More than half of the obese children belong to university educated fathers (54.9%) and mothers (58.2%). Of obese and overweight children, 75.4%belong to professional employee and clerical fathers. Skipping breakfast, regular intake of carbohydrates, dairy, fat and sweat meals were positively significantly associated with obesity, meanwhile high rate of active play (7 times or more per week), low rate of screen time (2 hours or less per day), spending holiday out door and regular intake of fruits and vegetables were negatively significantly associated with obesity. Conclusion and recommendations: This study provides further evidence of the increasingly high burden of overweight and obesity among primary school children living in Egypt. Different strategies can be implemented through many approaches to outline some important targets for anticipatory guidance to prevent obesity.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(2), 53-62. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-2-3
Pub. Date: April 27, 2017
8319 Views3174 Downloads
Teachers' Knowledge about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among Primary School Children
Original Research
Teachers can play a key role in identifying and supporting students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In order to achieve this role, it is vital for teachers to have obvious knowledge about this disorder. Aim of the study was to identify teachers' knowledge about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among primary school children. Design: a cross sectional analytic design was used. Setting: this study was conducted at primary schools in two villages (El Batanon & Kafr-Tunbdy) at Shebin El Koum Distric, Menoufia Governorate. Simple random sample consisted of 500 teachers from primary schools were included. Tools: I. Structured interview questionnaire which included socio demographic data, experience and training of teachers about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. II. Knowledge of attention deficit disorders scale. The main results of study reported that 81.4% of teachers had not received any training courses during college about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Also, there was 59% of teachers had poor knowledge compared to only 10.2% had good knowledge about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Furthermore, there was significant relation between mean score of total teachers' knowledge about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and their age, marital status, education qualification, teaching experience years, receiving training courses during college and attending an in-service workshop about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Conclusion: knowledge of teachers in the studied sample was very poor and insufficient about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Also, most of teachers did not have any training courses during college and did not attend an in-service workshop about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Recommendations: In-service training courses to teachers about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Enhance teachers, parents and community awareness about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder through mass media.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(2), 42-52. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-2-2
Pub. Date: April 01, 2017
15543 Views6784 Downloads
Effect of Educational Guidelines for Prevention of Immobilization Complications on Caregivers' Performance and Patients' Functional Condition
Original Research
Long immobilization periods lead to overall complication and have been associated with poor functional outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of educational guidelines for prevention of immobilization complications on caregivers' performance and patients' functional condition. Quazi experimental design was utilized for conducting the study. Two purposive samples of 45 immobilized patients and their caregivers from orthopedic wards in El demerdash hospital, Cairo, Egypt, were randomly divided into study and control groups. Data were collected through; Self-Administered Structured Questionnaire to assess demographic characteristics and knowledge. Observational checklist also used to assess caregivers' practice. PULSUSE profile used to assess patients' functional condition. Results: There was statistically significant improvement of caregivers' knowledge and practice regarding prevention of immobilization complications and improvement of patients' functional condition in the study group after implementation of educational guidelines when compared to the control group. Conclusion: Educational guidelines improve the caregivers' knowledge and practice regarding prevention of immobilization complication. Recommendations: It is suggested to apply these educational guidelines on the caregivers of immobilized patients and to replicate the study on a larger study sample in different settings to generalize the results.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(2), 32-41. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-2-1
Pub. Date: March 21, 2017
9937 Views3159 Downloads