Volume 4, Issue 3

Effect of Nursing Educational Package for Pregnant Women upon Selected Aspects of Postnatal and Newborn Care
Postnatal period is the most important part of maternal health care as the dangerous and life threatening complications occurs during this period. Mothers and newborns are vulnerable to illness during this phase. So, mother's knowledge and education before childbirth regarding postnatal and newborn care is important for the health of the mother's as well as the health of newborn. Aim: intended toevaluate the effect of nursing educational package for pregnant women upon selected aspects of postnatal and newborn care. Design: A quasi-design with pre/posttests used. Setting: on antenatal and postnatal departments at Zagazig University hospitals. Subjects: A purposive sample composed of 80 pregnant women. Tools: Divided to three tools as: Tool I: Interviewing questionnaire. Tool II: Pregnant women knowledge about postnatal and newborn care.Tool III: An observational checklist regarding selected items of postnatal and newborn care. Results: It was revealed that 25% of the studied mothers had satisfactory knowledge score before implementation of the educational package then this percentage was increased to 76.30% immediately after the implementation and slightly decreased to 71.30% in the follow up phase. In additions to improving mothers' total practice score related to postnatal and neonatal care three phases of educational intervention. Conclusion: Implementation of the educational package about selected aspects of postnatal and newborn care was effective in improving level of pregnant women’s total knowledge and total practices scores, where, their knowledge and practices at the post and follow up tests were higher than that of pre-test with a statistical significant difference. Recommendations: Establishing a comprehensive training program for pregnant women especially primiparous at MCH centers are mandatory to improve their knowledge and practices on the different aspects of postnatal and newborn care which can reduce the maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality rate.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(3), 122-130. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-3-10
Pub. Date: January 14, 2017
1649 Views654 Downloads
Effect of Structured Nursing Intervention on Obese Adolescents' Girls with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Original Research
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) increased during the reproductive age as an endocrine disorder which affects one in each 15 women worldwide. The prevalence rate of obesity is high among the female with PCOS. The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of structured nursing intervention on obese adolescents' girls with polycystic ovarian syndrome. Method: A quasi-experimental design (pre-post) was used. Sample: A purposive sample of (84) adolescents' female students with polycystic ovarian syndrome were recruited. All adolescents' female students with polycystic ovarian symptoms screened by the obstetrician through abdominal ultrasound.Setting: The study was carried out at Faculty of Nursing, Menoufyia University at Menoufia Governorate, Egypt. Instruments: Three instruments were used by the researchers; (1) A structured interviewing questionnaire (2) Arabic log monthly to record the regularity of diet & exercise; (3) Follow up checklist. Results: This study showed that there was a highly statistically significant improvement in girl' level of knowledge between pre intervention and post intervention regarding poly cystic ovarian syndrome. After the intervention there was significant weight reduction from the baseline value and regularity of menstruation. Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study it can be concluded that: After intervention of the study there was significant improvement of level of knowledge about polycystic ovarian syndrome and reduction of body weight and symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome. Recommendation: Self-management programs should be identified among adolescents with PCOS to encourage increased independence in health behavior decisions while they are still living at home.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(3), 114-121. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-3-9
Pub. Date: January 14, 2017
2285 Views664 Downloads
International Students’ Perceived Usefulness and Satisfaction with Professional Midwifery Blended Learning Course
Original Research
Although higher education institution interested in the blended learning, it is still in its construction phase at Egyptian Universities. Aim: To assess international students’ perceived usefulness and satisfaction with Midwifery blended learning course. Method: A descriptive research design was utilized on 76 International students at Faculty of Nursing, Mansoura University. Tool of data collection: An on-line self-administered questionnaire which consisted of three parts to assess the international students’ general characteristics, international students’ perceived usefulness of Professional Midwifery blended learning course and factors affecting international students' satisfaction with the blended learning. Results: The present study revealed that most international students had positive perception about usefulness of Midwifery blended course, as it offered a variety of ways to assess students’ learning, provided fewer face to face lecture and more learning material processed in the electronic form and also that blended learning course had attractive features. Additionally, most international students were satisfied with teacher performance in handling the Midwifery blended course and satisfied with the course flexibility. Furthermore, all international students were satisfied with educational environment provided by the blended course, while most of them were not satisfied with the internet speed at University. Conclusion: The present study revealed that most international students had positive perception about usefulness of, and satisfied with Midwifery blended course. Recommendation: Applying extra internet server for University to improve the internet speed.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(3), 108-113. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-3-8
Pub. Date: January 14, 2017
2300 Views734 Downloads1 Likes
Effect of Teaching Guidelines on Knowledge, Health Believes, and Self-Efficacy among Post-Menopausal Women with Osteoporosis
Original Research
Background: Osteoporosis is a worldwide health problem with decreased bone mass and altered bone structure resulting in increased bone fragility and increased fracture risk. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of teaching guidelines on knowledge, health believes, and self-efficacy of post-menopausal women with osteoporosis. A quasi-experimental research design was used to conduct the study at rheumatology outpatient clinic at Mansoura University hospitals, Egypt from the beginning of May 2015 to the end of August 2016. Subjects: A purposive sample of 80 post-menopausal women with osteoporosis included. Tools: Four tools were used in data collection; a structured interviewing questionnaire, Osteoporosis Knowledge Test, Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale, and Osteoporosis Self-Efficacy Scale. Results revealed that mean scores of knowledge, health believes, and self-efficacy among the study group had significantly increased after implementation of the teaching guidelines. Conclusion: The teaching guidelines were effective in improving mean scores of knowledge, health believes, and self-efficacy of the study subjects. Recommendation: Assuring the importance of implementing the teaching guidelines inside the osteoporosis units, replication of the study on large proportions.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(3), 100-107. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-3-7
Pub. Date: January 06, 2017
2316 Views596 Downloads
Nursing Students’ Perception Regarding Quality of Nursing Courses and Its Relation to Their Academic Achievement
Original Research
Background: Checking of students’ perception of quality of nursing courses is one of main items that can help the success of the educational nursing courses and beneficial for course development and improvement to achieve the desired intended learning outcomes and enhance academic achievement of nursing students.Aim: This study aimed to assess nursing students' perception of quality of nursing courses and its relation to their academic achievement.Research Design: A descriptive correlational research design was utilized to conduct this study. Setting: The study was conducted at Faculty of Nursing-Benha University Sample: Non probability quota sample consisted of 752 from total student number 10438 students whom formerly registered in the Faculty and were in different academic study levels in academic year 2015/2016 and studied nursing courses. Tools of data collection: Three tools were employed in this study namely: Personal data of nursing student questionnaire, Quality of nursing courses questionnaire, and auditing checklist of nursing student's academic achievement. Results: The study yield that about nearly half of nursing students (49.1%) had low level of perception regarding quality of nursing courses dimensions of. objectives of the nursing course and (40.5%) of them had low level of perception regarding students-teacher interaction and communication, but more than two thirds of them had moderate level of perception regarding courses evaluation process and more than half (50.7%) of them had high level of perception regarding clinical setting. Also the highest level of total academic achievement (52.0%) of all nursing students were very good. Conclusion: There was a strong positive statistical significant correlation between nursing students` perception of quality of nursing courses and their academic achievement, also there was significant correlation between students' perception of quality of nursing courses and their academic study level. Recommendations: Nursing students' perception regarding quality of nursing courses should be considered and discussed by academic teaching staff and faculty of nursing administrators to make needed development to motivate the nursing students to highly academic achievement. Clarifying the objectives of nursing courses for nursing students and encourage teaching strategy of students-center.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(3), 91-99. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-3-6
Pub. Date: December 27, 2016
2244 Views476 Downloads
Prevalence of Abuse against Elderly Person and Its Effect on Health Status at Benha Psychiatric Health Hospital
Original Research
Background: Elder abuse is a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to an older person. This type of violence constitutes a violation of human rights and includes physical, sexual, psychological, and emotional abuse; financial and material abuse; abandonment; neglect; and serious loss of dignity and respect. Also, the abuse can effect on an elder physical and psychological health status. Aim of the study: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of abuse against elderly persons and its effect on their health status at outpatients’ clinics of Benha Psychiatric Health Hospital. Design: A descriptive was used to conduct the current study. Setting: This study carried out at outpatients’ clinics of Benha Psychiatric Health Hospital. Sample: A purposive sample of 120 elder person (45 female and 75 male) at Benha Psychiatric Health Hospital. Tools: Two tools were utilized for data collection, Tool I. Self-interviewing Questionnaire: it was divided into two parts, pert (I) Elderly’s Socio-demographic characteristic questionnaire, part (II) Adapted Elder Abuse Assessment Tool Kit. Tool II. Adapted Health Status Questionnaire.Results: There is a negative correlation between abuse against elderly person and their health status.Conclusion: This study concluded that there was negative correlation between abuse against elderly persons and their health status. Recommendation: There was an urgent need to educational instruction regarding elderly abuse prevention.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(3), 83-90. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-3-5
Pub. Date: December 24, 2016
3363 Views779 Downloads
Preparatory Students’ Perception about the Nursing Profession and Its Impact on Their Career Choice in Qassim University in KSA
Original Research
Saudi Arabia has relied on non-Saudi nurses to meet the nursing demands. Saudi Arabia faces a critical professional nursing shortage. The annual rate of Saudi nursing graduates is insufficient to meet the increasing healthcare demands. Young women do not view nursing as socially appropriate career choice. Most Saudi families do not consider nursing as an honorable occupational choice. Therefore, prevailing negative images and perceived low status of nursing have contributed to the high stress level of participants. Aim: describe preparatory Students’ perception for Nursing Profession and The Impact on their career choice in Qassim University in KSA. Methodology: A descriptive cross sectional survey will be used. Probability sample all preparatory premedical students' male and female in Qassim University in KSA present at the time of the study recruited within Academic year 2013-2014. Whereas male numbers equal 260 students and Female numbers equal 253 students. Results: three quarters of students had an acceptable image regarding Career preference and more than half of them had acceptable image regarding total career choice. More than half of them had an unacceptable image regarding career image and career accessibility. Nearly two thirds of students did not consider nursing as their career choice. Male student had better career image than female students while female students had better career preference and career accessibility than male student. Conclusion: The status of nursing in Saudi Arabia should be enhanced in order to make it valuable career. Some students are interested in nursing but afraid and hesitant. Afraid from society and its perception, afraid of failure and regrets, hesitant to take risks and to have trouble. The students were not well aware of the benefits of nursing. Nurse educators should organize career days, where there should be interaction between students and nurse educator so that they should be better informed about nursing and its opportunities for further advancement. Nurse educators should also be involved during health education sessions conducted for students.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(3), 74-82. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-3-4
Pub. Date: September 26, 2016
20132 Views5218 Downloads
Omega-3 Fatty Acids as Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Depression: Literature Review
Review Article
Background: Depression is a common mental and psychological disorder, rise globally. Depressed patients may resort to other sources to decrease the symptoms without side effects like complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), The most commonly used CAM treatments in the United States for people who have depression is Omega-3 Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (LCPUFA). The purpose of this paper to highlight and explore more information about the effectiveness of omega 3 folic acid on patients who diagnosed with depression. Methods: Literature review of Randomized Control Trails (RCTs) studies, articles have been recovered for review of computer searches, from 2006 to 2016, databases that were used: PubMed, Medline, Wiley, PsychInfo, EBSCO host, Ovid database, Cinahl, and Google Scholar. Articles were selected based on a set of eligibility criteria. Results: The literature review content eight RCTs studies according to eligibility criteria, there are studies support the evidence of the effectiveness of omega-3 and dose of omega-3 with depression disorder as a monotherapy and combining with an antidepressant. However, there are studies that shown the inverse result. Conclusions: Although there are studies showed Influence effectively, the using and role of omega-3 for depression still under debate.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(3), 69-73. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-3-3
Pub. Date: September 19, 2016
10036 Views4278 Downloads2 Likes
How Nurse Educators Cope with Incivility
Original Research
Background: Research has clearly defined the issue of nursing student incivility, with evidence that nursing students are engaging in uncivil behaviors on a routine basis [1,2,3,4]. Stress, like that experienced with incivility, impacts an individual’s perception of an uncivil encounter and has been linked to the development of negative coping responses [5]. Methods: A mixed-methods convergent parallel design was used to collect data from 39 nurse educators who were employed at 3 schools of nursing in the southern region of the United States. Creswell [6] described the design as “combining elements of both qualitative and quantitative approaches” (p. 3). The convergent method of the design allowed the researcher to collect both quantitative and qualitative data, conduct separate analyses, and compare the results. A mixed-methods convergent parallel design was appropriate for this study because it supported the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping [7], which formed the foundation for the study. The model purports that individuals conduct a primary appraisal of the significance or threat of a stressful encounter (e.g., challenging, positive, controllable, stressful, or irrelevant). If the encounter is perceived to be threatening, a secondary appraisal will follow, which will activate an individual’s coping mechanisms. The design allowed the researcher to determine the coping responses used by nurse educators when facing uncivil encounters with nursing students....
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(3), 56-68. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-3-2
Pub. Date: September 14, 2016
10740 Views3282 Downloads6 Likes
Relationship between Job Stressors and Organizational Support among Jordanian Nurses
Original Research
Background: Nursing is considered one of the most stressful health care professions. Literature revealed that stress could be diminished by organizational support, but the actual relationship between nurse's job's stress and organizational support has yet to be established. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between nurse's job's stress and organizational support controlling for the nurses' characteristics. Methods: A descriptive correlational design using self-administered questionnaire was used. A convenience sample of 150 nurses completed the Perceived Stress Scale and the Survey of Perceived Organizational Support. Multiple hierarchical regression analyses were used to assess the relationship between nurse's job's stress and organizational support controlling for the nurses' characteristics. Results: The current study revealed that there was a negative relationship between nurses’ job stress and organizational support. Although sample characteristics were associated with the levels of perceived stress, organizational support was the strongest correlate of perceived stress. Conclusion: Health care organizations must consider the development of organizational support policy for nurses. Close unit nurses in particular, should be subjected to stress management programs to help them cope with stress.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(3), 51-55. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-3-1
Pub. Date: July 04, 2016
11782 Views4462 Downloads2 Likes