Volume 4, Issue 1

Facilitating Factors for Overcoming Barriers Facing Nurses for Research Utilization in Clinical Settings
A Clinical Study
Research utilization refers to the use of some aspect of a study in an application unrelated to the original research. The aim of this study was to identify factors that facilitate nurses for overcoming barriers of utilization of research finding in clinical Practice. Design: descriptive correlation design was used. Setting; this study was conducted in; 1) the two Maternal and Child Health Centers in Sheben El-Kom and nine health Units affiliated to Sheben El-Kom districts-Menoufia governorate (2) Faculty of Nursing- Menoufia University. Sample; (1) a random sample 120 practical nurses from the two Maternal and in Sheben El-Kom and nine health Units affiliated to Sheben El-Kom districts (2) a convenience sample of 100 Academic staff from Faculty of Nursing who finished their Master or Doctorate degree was selected. Tools; a questionnaire to collect Socio-demographic data such as: age, educational, experiences and nursing' knowledge, Attitudes towards research utilization. 2. A barriers Scale for Practical Nurses to assess barriers to the use of research findings in practice that was developed by Funk et al., (1991). 3. A structured questionnaire. It was designed to include opinion towards what facilitating factors are important for nurses to adopt research utilization? The main results; total Nurses' Attitude toward research utilization was positive having mean of 8.31±1.43 with Maximum of 12.0 and Minimum of 6.0. Also the current study revealed that, 60 % of practical nurses does not use research findings in patient care/patient care procedures. The facilitating factors that overcoming barriers of research utilization was 80.0% & 64.2 % of academic staff and practical nurses respectively reported that; given adequate training in research utilization was extremely important. Conclusion: our practical nurses are facing many difficulties in implementing research utilization. Facilitating factors that overcome barriers was reported as; given adequate education in Research and its utilization & the support from nursing manager. Recommendations: Enhance research skills of practical nurses, enhance support from nursing manager and initiate a link between health institutions and academic researchers for adoption of research finding.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(1), 13-24. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-1-3
Pub. Date: March 19, 2016
20290 Views7184 Downloads2 Likes
Effect of Physical Stimulation on Premature Very Low Birth Weight Infants
Original Research
Globally, prematurity is the leading cause of death in children under the age of 5. And in almost all countries with reliable data, preterm birth are increasing .Therefore, the purpose of the study was to identify the effect of physical stimulation on the weight of premature very low birth weight infants as well as their period of hospitalization .This study was conducted in NICUs of El-Menoufia University hospital and El Gamia El-sharaia NICU in Shebin El-kom city at El-Menoufia Governorate, Egypt. A quasi experimental design was used. A purposive sample of 60 premature very low birth weight infants was included. Newborn were randomly assigned into two equal groups. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection; it included newborn gestational age, birth weight, gender, feeding routes, vital signs, associated medical problems and oxygen saturation. The findings of this study revealed that, a daily physical stimulation led to a better weight gain of premature very low birth weight infants (PVLBWI).. In conclusion, implementation of a physical stimulation intervention was associated with a greater weight gain in premature VLBW infants. It is recommended that, physical stimulation intervention should be included in the standard care of premature very low birth weight infants in neonatal intensive care unit.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(1), 6-12. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-1-2
Pub. Date: March 16, 2016
17798 Views6521 Downloads3 Likes
Therapeutic Play Use in Children under the Venipucture: A Strategy for Pain Reduction
Original Research
The instructional therapeutic play (ITP) is responsible for the child´s preparation to perform procedures such as venipuncture, reducing anxiety, fear and pain in hospitalized children undergoing painful procedures. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of ITP to the management of pain when performing peripheral venipuncture or handling of the venous access in preschool and schoolchildren. The research is analytical, exploratory and quantitative. To measure the pain of children the Faces Pain Scale (FPS) was used. For data analysis, the Wilcoxon test was used. Before the sessions, 28.6% reported the pain score “1” or absence of pain. After the sessions, 71.4% of the sample indicated the same score. Another important issue before the ITP sessions, the score was“4”, which expresses intense pain. After the sessions, 100% of children who have been assigned this face, showed improvement in pain patterns. Thus, the findings of this study corroborate previous studies that show ITP as an important tool in relieving pain presented by hospitalized children, subjected to intrusive and stressful procedures.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(1), 1-5. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-4-1-1
Pub. Date: January 24, 2016
11809 Views4446 Downloads10 Likes