Volume 3, Issue 1

Awareness of Adolescent Student Regarding Prenatal Risk Factors
Original Research
The present study aimed to identify awareness of adolescent student regarding prenatal risk factors. The study was carried out in a randomly selected six governmental secondary schools splinted into three schools for male students and the other three for female students. A stratified random sampling technique was used in choosing the study subjects; culminating to 720 students from them Six hundred completed the date collection period during the academic years 2013-2014. Two tools were developed and used to collect the necessary data. The Findings of the present study showed that generally students either were uncertain or had poor awareness regarding the different components related to prenatal care. The majority of students (73.5%) had a percent score lower less than 70% of the highest possible mean score concerning prenatal risk factors in relation to: genetic diseases, reproductive health, chronic diseases as well as nutrition /weight control. Moreover, the results reveals a statistically positive correlations between awareness percent score of students for almost all components of prenatal risk factors except for that between nutrition and environmental factors (r=0.061, p=0.135). The researchers recommended establishment of a youth friendly health center within each school.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2015, 3(1), 21-28. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-3-1-5
Pub. Date: September 09, 2015
10919 Views4086 Downloads12 Likes
Psychological Impact of Nocturnal Enuresis on Self-esteem of School Children
Original Research
Bedwetting is the cause of significant psychosocial stress especially in older children. Aim: The study aimed to assess the psychological impact of nocturnal enuresis on self-esteem of school children. Design: Descriptive research design was used in this study. Setting: The study was conducted in El-Menoufya University Hospital, in Egypt, which consisted of 18 outpatient clinics. The pediatric outpatient clinic of Shebin El-Kom, El-Menoufia University Hospital it is general pediatric outpatient clinic for all children disorders not just for enuresis. Sample: This is a convenient sample of 140 of children representing almost half of the total attendants with nocturnal enuresis during three months duration. The total number of the sample was 70 children of nocturnal enuresis. Tools: For data collection, an interview questionnaire was used to assess socio demographic data, children knowledge about enuresis, psychological impact of enuresis on the children regarding depression and social isolation, self-esteem inventory scale for the children. Finding: The results of the study showed there were no significant difference between gender and their positive self-esteem. In addition, there were no significant difference between psychological problems of the studied children and their positive self-esteem. Conclusion: This study concluded that children in this age have poor knowledge in relation to enuresis. In addition, most of studied children had law self-esteem. Recommendations: According to this study it is recommended that raise community awareness about nocturnal enuresis through educating adolescents in school and universities about nocturnal enuresis, development of health educational program for mothers of enuretic children. Also pediatric nurse, psychiatric nurse, community health nurse and school health nurse offer counseling services for the mothers and their children regarding nocturnal enuresis.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2015, 3(1), 14-20. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-3-1-4
Pub. Date: March 17, 2015
27355 Views13735 Downloads22 Likes
Summarizing the Experience of Students Future Social Pedagogues Volunteering in the Context of Sustainable Development and Health Preservation of Personality
Review Article
Health is one of the basic, absolute human values, an indicator of civilization and sustainable development, the main criterion for the efficiency of all its spheres. Recently, however, due to the unfavorable political, socio-economic and environmental situation stable trends of deterioration of health status, particularly in Ukraine have been observed. This leads to the critical importance of bringing the different actors, including doctors, teachers, social pedagogues, families, community activities towards preservation of human health as a state of complete well-being in all aspects - physical, mental, social and spiritual. The article presents the experience of volunteering of students future social workers of G.S.Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University on health preservation and promotion of sustainable development of children in difficult circumstances, particularly children at the center of social and psychological rehabilitation and orphanages of family type. This activity involves the implementation of measures to restore and strengthen the physical, mental, social and spiritual health of children, motivating them to a healthy lifestyle, value-oriented attitude to their own health and the health of others through awareness of personal responsibility for results of their own life, and individual contribution to the process of social change. An example of non-traditional forms of volunteering of future social pedagogues - the studio theater of social and educational clowning that promotes psychological rehabilitation of children with a positive optimistic attitude to reality, which accordingly defines the feelings, thoughts and actions of a person and greatly determines the outcome of her/his life. The results show that this activity provides a holistic harmonious bodily-physical and mental-spiritual development of the individual. It helps to harmonize the spiritual sphere of the individual and encourages people to their physical and spiritual development. In addition, volunteering has a great potential for the conservation and enhancement of health and promotion of sustainable development as people who need help and volunteers themselves, which determines the importance of dissemination of relevant experience in today's conditions.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2015, 3(1), 8-13. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-3-1-3
Pub. Date: March 10, 2015
7335 Views2985 Downloads24 Likes
Decrease the Length of Hospital Stay in Depressed Cancer Patients: Nurses Should be Involved
Opinion Paper
Cancer is one of the most life threatening illnesses worldwide, which can be associated with severe depression in patients. Depression can negatively affect the prognosis of cancer and increase hospital stays. Nurses are directly involved in providing care for cancer patients over the entire course of cancer prognoses. However, the nurse role in assessment and management of depression in cancer patients is not well-defined. The purpose of this article is to identify the nursing role in assessment and management of depression in cancer patients, and to provide recommendations for future research regarding assessment and management of depression in cancer patients. Literature review of relevant articles was conducted using the PubMed and CINAHL electronic databases. Articles that were not published in English, and articles that were published since more than 10 years were excluded from review. Other articles were not included because of redundant data. Nurses should anticipate depression and be aware of its risk factors. They should accurately assess patients’ concerns and immediately report any suicide risk to the supervising psychiatrist. To better assess depression in cancer patients, nurses should use specific and valid screening tools. Nurses can participate in different management modalities for depressed cancer patients. In case of severe depression, antidepressants are the drugs of choice. When depression is mild, many psychotherapeutic and psychosocial interventions can be effective. The article provides a discussion about some important roles for nurses in these interventions. Other innovative methods that nurses can use to meet the psychosocial health needs of cancer patients are provided. Recommendations for future research include using a control group in future studies, conducting more prospective studies, focusing on nonpharmacologic interventions, and conducting qualitative studies about experiences of specific cancer patients. These studies can provide valuable data to improve nursing care for depressed cancer patients, and ultimately decrease the length of their hospital stay.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2015, 3(1), 4-7. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-3-1-2
Pub. Date: February 17, 2015
10109 Views4734 Downloads86 Likes
Ethical Issues about Children Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Review Article
There are cases of cardiopulmonary resuscitation that include ethical issues. An ethical issue that health professionals confront is the moral situation in which the person has to decide what is proper to do based on their values and the legislation. If the victim is a child, the parents are the ones to make the decision for stop or not the resuscitation efforts. The physician can intervene in the decision making in the best interest of the child, though. The purpose of this article is to identify ethical issues about children resuscitation and stress the presence of parents during resuscitation. A literature review was conducted using the electronic databases PubMed and Google scholar. Exclusion criteria of articles were the language, except English. The paediatric resuscitation aims not only for the restoration of the fuctions but, also, a life with the lack of neurogenous malfactions. If such malfactions are present, CPR should stop. Another ethical dilemma is the presence of parents while the procedure is in progress. Usually, it is allowed and they are supervised for not interrupting the efforts and empathically informed by a member of the resuscitation team. A greater focus should be made on educating resuscitation. Only specialists have the right to perform CPR but unspecialized staff has to be educated, too. There is a great need for further research between medical and social sciences in order to give answers in special ethical issues about children resuscitation.
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2015, 3(1), 1-3. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-3-1-1
Pub. Date: February 11, 2015
8816 Views3422 Downloads36 Likes