Volume 10, Issue 2

Effect of Designed Eye Care Protocol on Nurses’ Knowledge and Practices Regarding Prevention of Ocular Surface Disorders among Sedated and Intubated Children at Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
Original Research
Sedated and intubated children have impaired ocular protective mechanisms putting them at risk for ocular surface disease with potential vision loss. So, rapid intervention with targeted treatment is essential to avoid vision-threatening complications. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of designed eye care protocol on nurses' knowledge and practice regarding the prevention of ocular surface disorder among sedated and intubated children at pediatric intensive care units. Research design: A quasi-experimental design was used. Settings: This study was conducted at the pediatric intensive care units in Benha university hospital and Benha Specialized Pediatric Hospital. Sample: A Convenient sample of nurses (n=75) and a purposive sample of sedated and intubated children (n=62). Tools of data collection: Three tools were used; a structured interviewing questionnaire sheet, an observational checklist, and eye health status assessment sheet. Results: there was a significant improvement in nurses’ knowledge and practice post-designed eye care protocol implementation. Moreover, the results revealed that the majority of children in the study group had no ocular surface disorders and less than three-quarters of them had absent conjunctival edema post-designed eye care protocol implementation. Conclusion: The implementation of the designed eye care protocol proved to be effective in improving nurses' knowledge and their practices, with a positive impact on sedated and intubated children. Recommendations: Provide continuous educational programs and training courses for nurses working at pediatric intensive care units about eye care to improve their performance.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2022, 10(2), 46-57. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-10-2-2
Pub. Date: June 17, 2022
Experience of Domestic Violence among Infertile Women Attending a Clinic of a Tertiary Level Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
Original Research
Violence against women is one of the growing public health issues. Domestic violence (DV) is an aggressive behavior against female partner in any family. Globally, many couples suffer from infertility. It is associated with emotional problems, marital distress and domestic violence. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to accumulate and analyze the experience of domestic violence among infertile women. The study has selected a descriptive cross-sectional research design with a purposive sampling technique to select 144 infertile women from Om hospital & Research Centre Private Limited in located Kathmandu district of Nepal. Data has been collected over one month 8th September to 4th October 2019. In-order to collect the primary data the study has used structured questionnaire; Infertile Women Exposure to Violence Determination Scale (IWEVDS). The study used descriptive and inferential statistical tests for the analysis of the collected data. The study found psychological violence (97.2%) as the most common type of reported violence against infertile women followed by sexual (12.5%) and physical (9.7%). The top three domains with highest mean score were exposure to social pressure, traditional practice and domestic violence respectively. Similarly, the study noticed that duration of marriage and treatment are associated with three different sub-dimensions of IWEVDS score. Based on the findings, the study concluded that the infertile women mostly experienced psychological violence. It could be cultural influences on gender violence in our society. There is need of counseling sessions for the infertile women attending the clinics and the health workers and the awareness program about women’s violence should be conducted to prevent further mental health problems.
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2022, 10(2), 41-45. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-10-2-1
Pub. Date: March 11, 2022