American Journal of Nursing Research. 2021, 9(5), 171-175
DOI: 10.12691/AJNR-9-5-3
Original Research

Effect of Web Based Health Education on Young Adults Weight Maintenance and Nutritional Knowledge

Eman R. El-Refaay1, , Amel I. Ahmed1 and Nagwa M. Salem1

1Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Mansoura, Egypt

Pub. Date: September 17, 2021

Cite this paper

Eman R. El-Refaay, Amel I. Ahmed and Nagwa M. Salem. Effect of Web Based Health Education on Young Adults Weight Maintenance and Nutritional Knowledge. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2021; 9(5):171-175. doi: 10.12691/AJNR-9-5-3

Abstract

Background: Lack of nutritional knowledge may lead to weight gain which led to several chronic disease as diabetes and hypertension. Therefore, the need to focus on the increasement of nutritional knowledge is essential. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Web Based Health Education on Young Adults Weight and Nutritional Knowledge Design: A quasi-experimental research design was utilized to accomplish this study. Sample type: Purposive sampling technique was used to recruit Subjects and Setting: Total number of 132 young adults, who were invited through World Wide Web (WWW) for globalization. Anthropometric data were collected, and nutritional knowledge was evaluated. Tools: Three online self-administered questionnaires were used to assess nutritional health status of participants and their nutritional knowledge. Results: The present study revealed that the weight average decreased from 77.69(14.1) before the intervention to 68.84(13.3) 3 month after intervention and to 72.12(12.32) 6 months after intervention. There was statistically significant difference before and after 3 months of interventions (p=0.000) related to level of knowledge regarding nutrition. Conclusion: This study concluded that the majority of participants had higher score of knowledge after 3 and 6 months of intervention related to healthy nutrition which help in weight loss. Recommendation: This study was recommended to apply web-based health education for overweight and obese adults in different setting and worksite and integrate web-based education in all healthy promotion programs to enhanced healthy behavior.

Keywords

overweight, obesity, weight management, web based, young adult

Copyright

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References

[1]  Kingsland. J, “Weight loss in young adults with obesity may halve mortality risk."(2020). Available https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/weight-loss-in-young-adults-with-obesity-may-halve-mortality-risk#Healthy-weight/.[Accessed July., 2020].
 
[2]  WHO. (2021). Obesity and overweight. Available https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight/. [Accessed Jun. 2, 2021].
 
[3]  WHO. (2021). EMRO |Obesity| Health topics Available http://www.emro.who.int/health-topics/obesity/Page-1.html [Accessed Jun. 2, 2021].
 
[4]  Sheha E., Hassan H., Gamel W. (2018) Association between pre-pregnant overweight and obesity and periodontal disease during pregnancy: a cross sectional study. International Journal of Studies in Nursing.; 3(1): 1-21.
 
[5]  Bezerra, L.; Lima, S.M.; Correia, L.; Costa, R. (2016). Nutrition knowledge assessment studies in adults: A systematic review. Cien. Saude Colet., 21, 449-462.
 
[6]  Willmott, T. J., Pang, B., Rundle-Thiele, S., & Badejo, A. (2019). Weight Management in Young Adults: Systematic Review of Electronic Health Intervention Components and Outcomes. Journal of medical Internet research, 21(2), e10265.
 
[7]  Sand A, Emaus N, Lian OS. Motivation and obstacles for weight management among young women-a qualitative study with a public health focus - the Tromsø study: Fit Futures. BMC Public Health 2017 Dec 08; 17(1): 417.
 
[8]  López-Hernández, L., Martínez-Arnau, F. M., Pérez-Ros, P., Drehmer, E., & Pablos, A. (2020). Improved nutritional knowledge in the obese adult population modifies eating habits and serum and anthropometric markers. Nutrients, 12(11), 1-14.
 
[9]  Balani, R., Herrington, H., Bryant, E., Lucas, C., & Kim, S. C. (2019). Nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and self-regulation as predictors of overweight and obesity. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 31(9), 502-510.
 
[10]  Hassan H., (2017). Terms and concepts of E-Learning. of Distance Learning and Open Learning, 5(8): 121-135.
 
[11]  Margaret, M., & Howarth, E. (2014). A Web-Based Weight Loss Programme Including Breakfast Cereals Results in Greater Loss of Body Mass than a Standardised Web-Based Programme in a Randomised Controlled Trial, 361-375.
 
[12]  Rosner B. (1995). Fundamentals of Biostatistics. 4th ed. Duxbury Press; 1995. Page 221.
 
[13]  CDC, (2020). Healthy weight, nutrition, and physical activity. https://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/index.html.
 
[14]  Cheng, H. L., Medlow, S., & Steinbeck, K. (2016). The Health Consequences of Obesity in Young Adulthood. Current obesity reports, 5(1), 30-37.
 
[15]  Visiedo, A., & Palao, J. M. (2017). Effect of educational training on nutrition and weight control in under-18 Spanish wrestlers. Motriz. Revista de Educacao Fisica, 23(1), 76-80.
 
[16]  Beleigoli, A. M., Andrade, A. Q., Cançado, A. G., Paulo, M. N. L., Diniz, M. D. F. H., & Ribeiro, A. L. (2019). Web-based digital health interventions for weight loss and lifestyle habit changes in overweight and obese adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 21(1).
 
[17]  Thielemann, B. (2012). Assessment of nutritional knowledge and eating behaviors on the weight and obesity of college students.. 114. Available http://scholarworks.uark.edu/ghesuht Recommended. [Accessed April. 8, 2021].
 
[18]  Mohandas, K., Lalitha, P., Krishna Kumar, S., & Haridas, K. (2021). The effect of nutrition intervention based on a Knowledge-Attitude-Practice questionnaire in the weight management of overweight and obese persons. IP Journal of Nutrition, Metabolism and Health Science, 3(4), 124-131.
 
[19]  Burch, H. (2018). Measuring the Nutrition Knowledge of Weight Management and diabetes risk in a low socioeconomic population May, p 1-111.
 
[20]  Gilardini L, Cancello R, Caffetto K, et al. Nutrition knowledge is associated with greater weight loss in obese patients following a multidisciplinary rehabilitaiton program. Minerva Endocrinologica. 2020 Jul.
 
[21]  Soini, S., Mustajoki, P., & Eriksson, J. G. (2016). Weight loss methods and changes in eating habits among successful weight losers. Annals of Medicine, 48(1–2), 76-82.