American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019, 7(3), 248-255
DOI: 10.12691/AJNR-7-3-3
A Clinical Study

Effect of Coffee Consumption on the Incidence of Post Dural Puncture Headache among Patients Receiving Spinal Anesthesia

Eman Fathy Amr Mohammed Aly1, and Yasmin Fathy Mohammed Abed Elazeem2

1Lecturer of Medical Surgical Nursing, Medical Surgical Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Beni Suef University

2Lecturer of Medical Surgical Nursing, Medical Surgical Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University

Pub. Date: March 06, 2019

Cite this paper

Eman Fathy Amr Mohammed Aly and Yasmin Fathy Mohammed Abed Elazeem. Effect of Coffee Consumption on the Incidence of Post Dural Puncture Headache among Patients Receiving Spinal Anesthesia. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019; 7(3):248-255. doi: 10.12691/AJNR-7-3-3


Spinal anesthesia provides excellent outcome for surgeries below the umbilicus like varicose veins surgery. Unfortunately, spinal anesthesia has complications such as Post Dural Puncture Headache (PDPH). Conservative treatments of PDPH include vasoconstrictors such as caffeine that found in coffee. The nurse observes patients for post spinal anesthesia complications especially Post Dural Puncture Headache (PDPH) and gives appropriate nursing interventions. Design: Quasi-experimental research design was used in this study. Aim: to determine effect of coffee consumption on the incidence of Post Dural Puncture Headache among patients receiving spinal anesthesia. Hypothesis of the study: Postoperative patients who consume coffee exhibit less incidence of Post Dural Puncture Headache than who don’t consume it. Setting: The study was carried out in Main University Hospital, Alexandria. Egypt. Subjects: The sample of the study consisted of a convenience sample of 60 postoperative patients (had varicose veins surgery) received spinal anesthesia. They were divided randomly into 2 equal groups, control and study (coffee) groups. Tool: Postoperative Headache Assessment Sheet was used in order to collect data. It included four parts: Part I: Bio-socio demographic data, Part II: Headache diagnosis, Part III: Headache assessment items, and Part IV: Assessment of needing for analgesics. Results: The chief result in this study was that the incidence of PDPH is less in coffee group than in the control group with statistical significant differences between both groups (P= (0.001*, 0.020*, 0.020*, 0.038*) after 4 hours, first, second, and third days, respectively. Conclusion: The study hypothesis was accepted as incidence of Post Dural Puncture Headache is decreased in postoperative patients who consumed coffee than in those who don’t consume it. Recommendation: Replicate this study among different samples (age, sex, diagnosis, type of operation).


coffee, headache, spinal anesthesia


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