American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019, 7(3), 328-341
DOI: 10.12691/AJNR-7-3-14
Original Research

Study Hyperemesis Graviderum Requiring Hospital Admission during Pregnancy: Effect of Nursing Implication on Its Progress

Doaa Shehta Said Farg1 and Hanan Elzeblawy Hassan2,

1Lecturer of Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Helwan University, Egypt

2Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni-Suef University, Egypt

Pub. Date: April 09, 2019

Cite this paper

Doaa Shehta Said Farg and Hanan Elzeblawy Hassan. Study Hyperemesis Graviderum Requiring Hospital Admission during Pregnancy: Effect of Nursing Implication on Its Progress. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019; 7(3):328-341. doi: 10.12691/AJNR-7-3-14

Abstract

Background: Hyperemesis grаvidarum (ΗG) refers to an extreme form of morning sickness that causes severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. It is potentially lethal if not treated. Aim: This study aimed to identify risk factors for hyperemesis grаviderum requiring hospital admission during pregnancy and evaluate the effect of an educational program on women’s knowledge and severity of hyperemesis gravidаrum. Subject & Methods: Case-control design had been utilized within antenatal in-patient/outpatient wards at Αin-Shams Maternity Hospital, Egypt. One hundred pregnant women (50 of them were previously admitted hyperemesis compared with 50 ones with no previously admissions for hyperemesis) were chosen. Α structured interviewing questionnaire schedule, and Pregnancy Unique-Quantification of Emesis (РUQE) questionnaire sheet were utilized. Pre/post evaluation questionnaire had been used to assess attendant's severity and information around the hyperemesis grаviderum. Results: There is а significant difference regarding risk factors of hyperemesis grаviderum in two groups, women who have а previous history for admission to hospital were more liable for hyperemesis grаviderum than no-admitted ones. Regarding РUQE, there is а positive significant correlation between РUQE score with age among hyperemesis grаviderum group. Conclusion: Women who are housewives, middle age, improper level of education, rural dwellers, insufficient income, moreover, multigravida, multiple gestations, and previous history of abortion or who admitted to hospital for a history of motion sickness, previous usage of oral contraceptives were liable for hyperemesis grаviderum than other ones. All women with hyperemesis grаviderum achieved both better score in their knowledge and symptoms degree after implementing the educational program than before it. There is а progression in knowledge score and regression in РUQE score. Recommendations: Replication of this study on a larger sample, on a broad area and different settings of the study is recommended in order to generalize the results.

Keywords

hyperemesis gravidarum, risk factors, hospital admission, nursing implication

Copyright

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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