American Journal of Nursing Research. 2018, 6(4), 164-173
DOI: 10.12691/AJNR-6-4-4
Original Research

Mothers’ Health Education based on Health Belief Model to Promote Health of Preterm Infant Related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Fatma Ahmed Elsobkey1,

1Pediatric Nursing-Faculty of Nursing-Benha University

Pub. Date: May 07, 2018

Cite this paper

Fatma Ahmed Elsobkey. Mothers’ Health Education based on Health Belief Model to Promote Health of Preterm Infant Related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2018; 6(4):164-173. doi: 10.12691/AJNR-6-4-4

Abstract

Background: Preterm infant is truly a global problem, is a major determinant of infant mortality and morbidity and has long-term adverse consequences for health. The aim: was to evaluate the effect of mothers’ health education based on health belief model to promote health of preterm infant related to sudden infant death syndrome. Design: A quasi-experimental design was utilized. Sample: convenience mothers and their preterm infants consisted of 70. Setting: The study was conducted in the Neonatal Intensive Care Units at Benha Specialized Pediatric Hospital and University Hospitals. The required data was collected used the following tools, structured interview sheet; baseline characteristics of mothers and infant; knowledge about sudden infant death syndrome sheet , questionnaire developed based on the health belief model and reported safety sleep practice according to American Academy of Pediatrics. Results: The study results revealed that mothers who received the health education demonstrated significant higher mean score of knowledge, health belief model and reported sleep practice toward their preterm infants after 1 month from hospital discharge; these results support the proposed study hypotheses. Conclusion: There was positive effect of health education in improving the mother’s knowledge, sleep practice as well as health belief regarding sudden infant death syndrome. Recommendation: Guidelines for creating hospital policy should be available, including the American Academy of Pediatrics risk-reduction recommendations, which lists step-by-step instructions for implementing a policy within the hospital setting.

Keywords

health belief model, health education, preterm infant, sudden infant death syndrome

Copyright

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