American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016, 4(3), 83-90
DOI: 10.12691/AJNR-4-3-5
Original Research

Prevalence of Abuse against Elderly Person and Its Effect on Health Status at Benha Psychiatric Health Hospital

Asmaa Mohammed Ali Alabd1,

1Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Benha University, Egypt

Pub. Date: December 24, 2016

Cite this paper

Asmaa Mohammed Ali Alabd. Prevalence of Abuse against Elderly Person and Its Effect on Health Status at Benha Psychiatric Health Hospital. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2016; 4(3):83-90. doi: 10.12691/AJNR-4-3-5


Background: Elder abuse is a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to an older person. This type of violence constitutes a violation of human rights and includes physical, sexual, psychological, and emotional abuse; financial and material abuse; abandonment; neglect; and serious loss of dignity and respect. Also, the abuse can effect on an elder physical and psychological health status. Aim of the study: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of abuse against elderly persons and its effect on their health status at outpatients’ clinics of Benha Psychiatric Health Hospital. Design: A descriptive was used to conduct the current study. Setting: This study carried out at outpatients’ clinics of Benha Psychiatric Health Hospital. Sample: A purposive sample of 120 elder person (45 female and 75 male) at Benha Psychiatric Health Hospital. Tools: Two tools were utilized for data collection, Tool I. Self-interviewing Questionnaire: it was divided into two parts, pert (I) Elderly’s Socio-demographic characteristic questionnaire, part (II) Adapted Elder Abuse Assessment Tool Kit. Tool II. Adapted Health Status Questionnaire. Results: There is a negative correlation between abuse against elderly person and their health status. Conclusion: This study concluded that there was negative correlation between abuse against elderly persons and their health status. Recommendation: There was an urgent need to educational instruction regarding elderly abuse prevention.


abuse, elder person, health status


Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Thane, P. in: WHO (2002). Proposed working definition of an older person in Africa for the MDS Project, Health statistics and information systems, available at
[2]  Brook, T., and Hat, V. (2008). What's the Difference Between 'Elder' and 'Older'? An age-old question.
[3]  Datta, A. (2006). “Greying Citizenship: The Situation of the Older Persons in India”, Indian Journal of Gerontology, 20 (3), 285-298.
[4]  Pillemer, KA., Mueller-Johnson, KU., Mock, SE., Suitor, JJ., and Lachs, MS. (2008). Interventions to Prevent Elder Mistreatment, Chapter 13 pdf, available at
[5]  Baker, PRA., Francis, DP., Hairi. NN., Othman, S., and Choo, WY. (2016). Interventions for preventing abuse in the elderly (Review), Cochrane library, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (8), Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd..
[6]  Social Care Institute for Excellence (2006). Assessing the Mental Health Needs of Older People (SCIE Guide 3). SCIE.
[7]  Wolf, R. In: Bonnie, RJ., Wallace, RB. (2003). Elder Abuse and Neglect: History and Concepts. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
[8]  Ansello, EF., and O’Neill, P. (2010). Abuse, neglect, and exploitation: considerations in aging with lifelong disabilities. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect; 22: 105-30.
[9]  Acierno, R., Hernandez, MA., Amstadter, AB., Resnick, HS., Steve, K., Muzzy, W., et al. (2010). Prevalence and correlates of emotional, physical, sexual, and financial abuse and potential neglect in the United States: The National Elder Mistreatment Study. American Journal of Public Health; 100: 292-7.
[10]  Jackson, SL., and Hafemeister, TL. (2011). Risk factors associated with elder abuse: the importance of differentiating by type of elder maltreatment. Violence and Victims, 26:738–57
[11]  Hobfoll, SE. (2001). The influence of culture, community, and the nested-self in the stress process: Advancing conservation of resources theory. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 50: 337-421.
[12]  Lachs, MS., Williams, CS., O'Brien, S., Pillemer, KA., Charlson, ME. In: the National Academy of Sciences, (2014). Elder Abuse and Its Prevention: Workshop Summary, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, available at
[13]  Dong, X. (2005). "Medical Implications of Elder Abuse and Neglect". Clinics in Geriatric Medicine. 21 (2): 293-313.
[14]  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2016). Elder Abuse Prevention. (Visit Source). Revised June 14, 2016. Accessed July 10, 2016.
[15]  Keating, S., and Rankin, T. (2011). Elder Abuse Assessment Tool Kit, Produced By: Durham Elder Abuse Network in partnership with Durham Regional Police Service & Region of Durham, DURHAM REGION, Canada, available at
[16]  Arlington, MA. (2008). Health Status Questionnaire, KNIGHT CHIROPRACTIC Health Care for Children and Adults, (781) 641-2510.
[17]  Acharya, AK. (2014). Violence against Elderly Migrants and Its Consequences on Their Health, Social Change Review, 12(2), 161-183.
[18]  Beach, SR., Carpenter, CR., Rosen, T., Sharps, P., Gelles R. (2016). Screening and detection of elder abuse: Research opportunities and lessons learned from emergency geriatric care, intimate partner violence, and child abuse. Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect; 28(4-5): 185-216.
[19]  Soares, J., Barros, H., Torres-Gonzales, F., et al. (2010). Abuse and health among elderly in Europe, publication of this book supported by a grant from European commission, executive agency for health and consumer.
[20]  Ferreira-Alves, J., and Joao Santos, A.J. (2011). Prevalence study of violence and abuse against older woman results of Portugal survey, University of Minho, Braga.
[21]  Mohd Sidik, S., Rampal, L., and Afifi, M. (2004). Physical and Mental Health Problems of the Elderly in a Rural Community of Sepang, Selangor, Malays Journal of Medical Science, 11(1): 52-59.
[22]  Vargas-Daza, Emma Rosa, Cecilia Velázquez-Piña, Liliana GaliciaRodríguez, Enrique Villarreal-Ríos and Lidia Martínez-González. (2011). “Tipo de violencia familiar que percibe el adulto mayor.” Revista Enfermería del Instituto Mexicano de Seguro Social 19(2): 63-69.
[23]  Pérez-Rojo, Gema, Maria Izal, Ignacio Montorio, and Roberto Nuevo. (2008). ‘Identificación de factores de riesgo de maltrato hacia personas mayores en el ámbito comunitario.” International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology 8(1): 105-117.
[24]  Sharma B. (2012). “Elderly Abuse: An Emerging Public Health Problem.” Health Prospect 11: 57-60.
[25]  Yeung P., Cooper L., and Dale M. (2015). Prevalence and associated factors of elder abuse in a community-dwelling population of Aotearoa New Zealand: A cross-sectional study, AOTEAROA NEW ZEALAND SOCIAL WORK, 27(3).